考研教育网【新蒲京】,表达观点

  陈阳—克罗地亚共和国语教学研商室

  十、英译乌海的惯用法

  无论在华语行文或是拉脱维亚语宣布的进程中,都会合世某人发布友好的思想的图景。而报考大学生[微博]罗马尼亚语翻译考查的句子中也不乏近似表述,那么上边大家就来看一下,在考研法语真题中,出现了什么样用于表明意见的用语。而对此这一个表述,大家又该怎么管理。

  参照他事他说加以考查例年考题

  那些词语根据意义能够分为两类:

  People have wondered for a long time how their personalities and
behaviors are formed. It is not easy to explain why one person is
intelligent and another is not,or why one is cooperative and another is
competitive.

  先是类,直接译为“认为”的动词:

  Social scientists are,of course,extremely interested in these types
of questions. (61) They want to explain why we possess certain
characteristics and exhibit certain behaviors. There are no clear
answers yet,but two distinct schools of thought on the matter have
developed. As one might expect,the two approaches are very different
from each other. The controversy is often conveniently referred to as
“nature vs. nurture.”

  例1.           

  (62) Those who support the “nature” side of the conflict believe
that our personalities and behavior patterns are largely determined by
biological factors. (63) That our environment has little,if anything,to
do with our abilities, characteristics and behavior is central to this
theory.

  Behaviorists, in contrast, say

  Taken to an extreme,this theory maintains that our behavior is
pre-determined to such a great degree that we are almost completely
governed by our instincts.

  that differences in scores are due to the fact that blacks are often
deprivedof many of the educational and other environmental advantages
that whitesenjoy. (1990年65题)

  Those who support the “nurture” theory,that is,they advocate
education,are often called behaviorists. They claim that our environment
is more important than our biologically based instincts in determining
how we will act. A behaviorist,B. F. Skinner,sees humans as beings whose
behavior is almost completely shaped by their surroundings.

  译文:比较来讲,行为主义者感到……

  (64) The behaviorists maintain that,like machines,humans respond to
environmental stimuli as the basis of their behavior.

  例2.           

  Let us examine the different explanations about one human
characteristic,intelligence,offered by the two theories.

  Those who support the “nature” side of the conflict believe that our
personalities and behaviorpatterns are largely determined by biological
factors。(1990年62题)

  (65) Supporters of the “nature” theory insist that we are born with
a certain capacity for learning that is biologically determined.
Needless to say: They don”t believe that factors in the environment
have much influence on what is basically a predetermined characteristic.
On the other hand,behaviorists argue that our intelligence levels are
the product of our experiences.

  译文:那么些在周旋中扶助“个性”一方的大伙儿以为……

  (66) Behaviorists suggest that the child who is raised in an
environment where there are many stimuli which develop his or her
capacity for appropriate responses will experience greater intellectual
development.

  例3.           

  The social and political implications of these two theories are
profound. (67) In the United States,blacks often score below whites on
standardized intelligence tests. This leads some “nature”proponents to
conclude that blacks are biologically inferior to whites.

  And it is imagined bymany that the operations of the common mind can
be by no means compared withthese processes, and that they have to be
acquired by a sort of specialtraining. (1993年74题)

  (68) Behaviorists,in contrast,say that differences in scores are due
to the fact that blacks are often deprived of many of the educational
and other environmental advantages that whites enjoy.

  译文:很四人以为……

  Most people think neither of these theories can yet fully explain
human behavior.

  例4.           

  61.他们想要表达,为啥我们具有某些本性特征和显现出一些行为。

  Some philosophers argue

  62.在此场争辨中,赞成“性情”一方的那个人感到,大家的性情特征和表现方式繁多是由生物因素所调整的。

  that rights exist only within a social contract, as part of an
exchange ofduties and entitlements. (1997年72题)

  63.这种理论的基本是,大家的条件同我们的技巧、本性特征和行事就算有哪些关联的话,也是无足轻重的。

  译文:有个别史学家以为……

  64.行为主义者坚信,人象机器同样,对情况的鼓舞作出反应,那是她们展现的底蕴。

  例5.           

  65.协理“本性”论的人坚称说,大家从小就具有一定的上学才具,那是由生物因素决定的。

  The Greeks assumed thatthe structure of language had some connection
with the process of thought,which took root in Europe long before people
realized how diverse languagescould be。(2004年61题)

  66.行为主义者的见解是,若是三个幼童在有不菲刺激物的境况里成长,而那一个激情物能够发展其作出确切反应的技能,那么,这么些小孩子将会有越来越高的智力发展。

  译文:希腊共和国(Ελληνική Δημοκρατία卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎人感到……

  67.在美利坚联邦合众国,黄人在标准化智力测量检验中的战绩日常低于黄人。

  例6.           

  68.相反,行为主义者感到,战绩的差别是出于黄人往往被剥夺了白种人在教育及任哪个地方境方面所负有的多多有利条件。

  Darwin was convinced thatthe loss of these tastes was not only a
loss of happiness, but might possiblybe injurious to the intellect, and
more probably to the moral character。(2008年50题)

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  译文:达尔文以为……

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  其余出今世表“认为”的意思的句子还包蕴一九九二年的71题,1998年

  特别表达:由于各地方景况的穿梭调度与调换,乐乎网所提供的装有考试消息仅供参谋,敬请考生以权威部门发表的标准信息为准。

  74题,2004年的65题和2008年的46题。

  第二类词语,依据词语小编含义来表述思想。

  例7.           

  They want to explain whywe possess certain characteristics and
exhibit certain behaviors。(1990年61题)

  译文:他们想要解释……

  例8.